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The first games began as an annual foot race of young women in competition for the position of the priestess for the goddess, Hera, The Heraean Games, the first recorded competition for women in the Olympic Stadium, were held as early as the sixth century BC.
The games became a political tool used by city-states to assert dominance over their rivals.
The games of previous millennia were discontinued and then revived by Lycurgus of Sparta, Iphitos of Elis, and Cleisthenes of Pisa at the behest of the Oracle of Delphi who claimed that the people had strayed from the gods, which had caused a plague and constant war.
Restoration of the games would end the plague, usher in a time of peace, and signal a return to a more traditional lifestyle.
Before the race, she persuaded her father's charioteer Myrtilus to replace the bronze axle pins of the king's chariot with wax ones.
Naturally, during the race, the wax melted and the king fell from his chariot and was killed.
He claims the festival at Olympia involved Heracles, the son of Zeus.